Integrating the Concept of Welfare, Improving Village Resilience
Efforts to integrate concepts of welfare, gender equality, social inclusion, and climate change adaptation into disaster resilient village model are underway. In a webinar on the Village Resilience Synergy, Director of Preparedness of the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) Pangarso Suryotomo said that integrated, inclusive and collaborative disaster management efforts are needed to minimize fatalities and large losses.
“The community needs to be equipped, not only in the context of disaster preparedness, but also in empowering their livelihoods to make them more resilient,” he said at the webinar.
To increase the effectiveness of the village resilience approach, the SIAP SIAGA Program is supporting BNPB and local governments in four provinces (East Java, Bali, NTB, and NTT) to develop the Welfare-based Disaster Resilient Village (WDRV) model. This model will combine disaster resilience with livelihoods, gender equality and social inclusion, disaster risk reduction, and climate change adaptation.
In his opening remarks, Pangarso reminded participants that there are still some challenges in implementing this concept. “The challenges include, first, the need for a shared commitment in developing a coherent and synergistic model of a village-based resilience program. Second, the need for sustainability strategies to build a program to strengthen community resilience at the village level. And the third is how to harmonize with The Ministry of Home Affairs Regulation No. 101/2018 regarding Minimum Service Standards for Disaster Affairs.”
According to Nelwan Harahap, Assistant Deputy for Post-Disaster Management at the Coordinating Ministry for Human Development and Culture, WDRV’s function to coordinate and update the Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction approach in Indonesia (CBDRR) must be implemented immediately. “We all know that almost all parts of Indonesia are exposed to hazards. In response to this, of course, the development of the CBDRR program must be permanent and should not be business as usual,” he said.
Cooperation between stakeholders is the key. Nelwan encourages the formulation of a welfare-based CBDRR model together and collaboratively through a Consultative Forum.
On top of increasing the effectiveness of village resilience, the SIAP SIAGA Program also supports the Government to improve village resilience strategies and systems that are appropriate to local contexts and practices, including better capacity for participatory disaster risk analysis and evaluation at the village level. This is in line with inputs from Sumedi Andono Mulyo, Director of Spatial Planning and Disaster Management at Bappenas.
“Coordination must be regionally-based. Decentralized knowledge and program activity must be in accordance with the social, cultural and economic character of the community,” he said. As such, he suggested building a village-based program database system that can be used by all parties.
This webinar and workshop on the Synergy of the Village/Kelurahan-Based Disaster Resilience Program is part of a series of activities to commemorate 2021 Disaster Risk Reduction Month (DRR). Held on Friday, October 29, 2021, this webinar was attended by 245 participants from the Ministries/Agencies and BPBDs throughout Indonesia, non-government organizations, business institutions, academics, and staff members of the BNPB Preparedness Directorate.