Advancing gender equality in disaster management – progress of gender mainstreaming roadmap
Gender mainstreaming across all development sectors is a national policy mandate of the government of Indonesia. In disaster management, women are disproportionately affected due to existing barriers in society. Various studies have also shown that women tend to be excluded from decision-making processes in disaster management, both at the community and formal levels. Thus, advancing gender equality in disaster management is imperative to ensuring the protection of women and increasing their participation in decision-making prior to, during and after an emergency response.
The National Disaster Management Authority (BNPB), with support from the SIAP SIAGA Program, is developing a National Roadmap for the Implementation of Gender Mainstreaming in the Disaster Management Sector (2022-2025). In a discussion on 13 October 2021, the BNPB Planning Bureau’s Head of Program and Budget Planning Division II, Nugroho Retno, shared the progress that “The roadmap for gender mainstreaming is in its fifth version and currently entering the discussion stage to obtain further inputs.”
The Decree (SK) of the Gender Mainstreaming Working Group and the Gender Mainstreaming Mobilisation Team are currently under review at the Legal, Organisation and Cooperation Bureau. In the formulation of the Gender Mainstreaming Roadmap, which is supported by the SIAP SIAGA Program, the BNPB Planning Bureau functions as a driving secretariat. Participants in the roadmap discussions consisted of the BNPB Gender Mainstreaming Secretariat Team, BNPB Gender Mainstreaming Team, the SIAP SIAGA Program, and the INVEST DM Program.
In Indonesia, the government’s commitment to ensuring gender mainstreaming in disaster management is stipulated in the Presidential Instruction No. 9 of 2000 concerning Gender Mainstreaming in National Development. At the institutional level, the BNPB itself has developed regulations on gender mainstreaming through the Head of BNPB Regulation No. 13 of 2014 concerning Gender Mainstreaming in the Field of Disaster Management.
The SIAP SIAGA program is committed to promoting gender equality and disability inclusion in disaster management. A series of gender analyses and mapping exercises were carried out between July and September as a basis for the development of the gender mainstreaming roadmap. Dewi Novirianti, SIAP SIAGA Program Gender Adviser, outlined that the roadmap encompasses the technical aspects of gender mainstreaming in disaster management and its implementation within BNPB. “Gender mainstreaming will be mapped out to cover technical aspects of disaster management as well as gender equality in the work environment, including facilities, employment regulations, prevention of sexual harassment and support for women’s participation,” said Dewi.
The development of this roadmap is a significant step towards the concrete implementation of gender mainstreaming across all stages of disaster management planning and service delivery. In the current format, the gender mainstreaming roadmap consists of an analysis section and an action plan. The three-year action plan outlines institutional and technical plans including planning and budgeting; implementation of disaggregated data; technical aspects of gender mainstreaming in pre-, during, and post-disaster phases; and human resource allocation.
Looking ahead, this roadmap will serve as a reference for implementing gender mainstreaming within BNPB’s respective organisational unit and the Gender Mainstreaming Working Group. Beyond BNPB, the roadmap is expected to support gender-responsive disaster management planning at the subnational level.
As a way forward, the gender mainstreaming team will hold further rounds of discussions with six working groups to confirm tasks and take action on the roadmap matrix.