Finding the gap: Supporting BPBD Rote Ndao District in implementing disaster management minimum service standards
Disaster risk management saves lives. One of the key instruments to guide local governments in developing disaster risk management plans is the ‘disaster management minimum service standards (MSS)’. The MSS sets out categories and qualities of essential services that the government must provide its citizens in a disaster, as stipulated in the Regulation of Minister of Home Affairs No. 101/2018 and the Minister of Home Affairs Decree No. 050-3708/2020.
As in many districts across Indonesia, there is a gap between the national policy and how the MSS is implemented in Rote Ndao District, NTT Province. SIAP SIAGA Program is bridging this gap and recently conducted a gap review assessment on 20 August 2021 to understand the challenges faced by the district and provincial government in implementing the MSS.
The review identified that a lack of coordination and shared understanding of MSS across multiple sectors had hindered its operationalisation at the local level. For instance, there was no coordination mechanism between the District Disaster Management Authority (BPBD) and the Public Order Agency (Satpol PP) on disaster management-related activities.
Another critical issue was the absence of disaster risk analysis. Comprising of hazard, vulnerability, and capacity assessment, the disaster risk analysis (DRA) document should serve as a reference to develop the MSS framework and guide its implementation. Without the DRA document, the district knows that the goal is to achieve the MSS, but there is no map to guide its journey.
In addition, a lack of resources has presented a challenge for the district to implement MSS. Currently, the financial resource is low due to budget cuts, and there are only nine staff members in BPBD who are assigned to manage the COVID-19 response and the Seroja Cyclone emergency.
Despite these challenges, there is a window of opportunity.
The newly formed DRR forum, established with the support of SIAP SIAGA, has strengthened collaboration across multiple sectors and stakeholders in supporting the government to implement MSS.
As a result of this gap assessment review, BPBD Rote Ndao has recognised the need for institutional strengthening in program planning, strategy to meet the MSS, multisector and multi-stakeholder financing, and monitoring and evaluation mechanism.
Identifying gaps is the first crucial step to formulate a robust DRM plan. Looking ahead, SIAP SIAGA Program will continue to facilitate the pathway towards implementing MSS through a series of follow-up workshops to develop a set of MSS frameworks, provide clarity on regulations and policy coherence, identify local DRM priorities.
Photo on top by Markus Winkler on Unsplash